Find out why the Verve are the PKK's favourite rock n roll band as they fight against the western backed genocidal Kurd haters: the state government of Turkey.
Country of Operation:
Turkey, Iraq, Germany
Ideology & General Report:
Because their very existence was ignored when the Europeans carved the Middle East into nation states after world war I, the Kurds have spent the last fifty years running from one country to the next, as they avoid the unwanted attentions of their genocidal masters: Turkey, Iran, Syria and Iraq. They are in short, one of the most hated people on earth.
As a response to this problem, the PKK came into existence in the early eighties. Inspired by Karl Marx, their aim was and still is to establish an autonomous Kurdistan in south-east Turkey. Expelled from Turkey, the PKK have taken to making northern Iraq their home base. Activities mostly consist of armed incursions into Turkish territory from their bases in Syria and Iraq and subsequent attacks on the Turkish military and Turkish property. The PKK also have activists in Germany, who make regular arson attacks on Turkish properties and business. They also have criminal networks across Europe.
Don't ever doubt that the PKK like a challenge! In 1994, not being content with the task of overcoming the might of the Turkish military, the PKK decided to start a war with KDP, an Iraqi Kurdish group (who are now funded by Turkey!). The PKK themselves receive support from Syria whose interests lie in ridding northern Iraq of American influence. The Americans in turn have allowed Turkey to make bulldozing incursions into the mountains and canyons of northern Iraq to sniff out the PKK. Turkey have obliged with limited success. So what started out as an independence movement for Kurds, has resulted into a quasi-civil war over the rights to rule northern Iraq: land that the PKK are not interested in anyway. It's no surprise that the Verve's 'Bitter Sweet Symphony' can often be heard reverberating around the mountains of Kurdistan as each evening's battle draws to a close.
Chance for peace came in late 1995, when the PKK leader Abdullah Ocalan demanded a ceasefire announcing, 'I have good intentions (but if the ceasefire fails) I will turn a tourist paradise into hell'. The Turks duly responded by attempting to beat their high score for number of Kurdish rebels killed in a single incursion into northern Iraq. Against a country which once banned it's people from speaking Kurdish and has willfully turned 3,000,000 Kurds into refugees by raising their villages, the PKK have a hell of a way to go yet.
Since then of course, as you will have read in the news, Ocalan has been caught and has been tortured into calls for acquiescence. The fight seems to be over.